In the ’60s and early ’70s, Chilean songwriters like Victor Jara and Violeta Parra used the tonada as a foundation of the “Nueva Canción,” explicitly political music that blended Chilean folk with progressive politics, similar to the way Bob Dylan and Joan Baez led a political folk revival at the time in the U.S. The Nueva Canción movement spread quickly all over Latin America and even back across the Atlantic in Spain and Portugal, providing leftists movements of the time with a melodic yet explicitly political soundtrack.
COUNTRY: most prominently Chile, but all over Spain, Portugal and Latin America
KEY INSTRUMENTS: Guitar
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