Archaeologists pin down Chuuk’s settlement by humans at about 2,000 years ago and suggests the first settlers came from Kosrae, though there isn’t much evidence to confirm continual habitation until about the 14th century. The Spanish appeared in 1565 and took Chuuk as part of the Caroline islands, though the Chuukese developed a reputation as being unfriendly to outsiders and the for the most part the Spanish stayed away. At the end of the 19th century the Spanish sold Chuuk to Germany as described with Yap above, then the Japenese took control in 1919. During World War II Chuuk served as the main Japanese base in the Pacific; the U.S. bombed Chuuk heavily, especially in 1944. After the War the U.S. took charge and today Chuuk is part of the Federated States of Micronesia and has a “Compact of Free Association” with the U.S.