COUNTRY: Cuba, Mexico, United States

In the 1930s, Cuban big band musicians added some elements of son to danzón to form an up-tempo dance music called MAMBO. The mambo is based on the 3-2 clave and uses a 4/4 beat (look above and at the Everything is a Drum rhythmic overview for a hint about what this means), with a dancer counting “quick quick slow,” moving his/her feet on the second beat of the four beat phrase, shifting weight to the other foot on the third, and returning to the original foot on the fourth. In other words, “1-2-3, 5-6-7.” MAMBO became most popular not in Cuba, but in Cuban refugee communities in New York and Mexico City. About the MAMBO | In Havana, dancing the MAMBO

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